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2010年同等学力英语考点特训之阅读

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  Stress Level Tied to Education Level

  People with less education suffer fewer stressful days, according to a report in the current issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

  However, the study also found that when 1ess-educated people did suffer stress it was more severe and had a larger impact on their health.

  From this, researchers have concluded that the day-to-day factors that cause stress are not random. Ⅵr11ere you are in society determines the kinds of problems that you have each day, and how well you will cope with them.

  The research team interviewed a national sample of 1 031 adults daily for eight days about their stress level and health. People without a high school diploma reported stress on 30 percent of the study days, people with a high school degree reported stress 38 percent of the time, and people with college degrees reported stress 44 percent of the time.

  “Less advantaged people are less healthy on a daily basis and are more likely to have downward turns in their health,” lead researcher Dr. Joseph Grzywacz, of Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, said in a prepared statement. “The downward turns in health were connected with daily stressors and the effect of daily stressors on their health is much more devastating for the less advantaged.”

  Grzywacz suggested follow-up research to determine why less-educated people report fewer days of stress when it is known their stress is more acute and chronic.

  “If something happens every day, maybe it´s not seen as a stressor” Grzywacz says. “Maybe it is just 1ife.”

  1. Stress level is closely related to ______.

  A. family size.

  B. social status.

  C. body weight.

  D. work experience.

  2. The 1 031 adults were interviewed ______.

  A. on a daily basis for 8days.

  B. during one of eight days.

  C. all by Grzywacz.

  D. in groups.

  3. Which group reported the biggest number of stressful days?

  A. People without any education.

  B. People without high school degrees.

  C. People with high school degrees.

  D. People with college degrees.

  4. The less advantaged people are, the greater ______.

  A. the impact of stress on their health is.

  B. the effect of education on their health is

  C. the level of their education is.

  D. the degree of their health concern is.

  5. Less—educated people report fewer days of stress possibly because ______.

  A. they don´t want to tell the truth.

  B. they don´t want to face the truth.

  C. stress is too common a factor in their life.

  D. their stress is more acute.

  答案及解析

  1.B. 从文章题目便可得知,一个人的紧张程度与其受教育的程度挂钩,而受教育的程度又直接影响一个人的社会地位。因此,文章第三段提到,一个人的社会地位决定了其每日所面临的问题和处理这些问题的能力。由此可见,紧张程度与社会地位密切相关。

  2.A. 文章第四段提到,研究人员对全国抽样的1 031名成人连续八天每天进行采访。

  3.D. 从文章第四段可以得知,调查对象学历越高,自己所报告的紧张天数便越多。

  4.A. 文章第五段提到,一个人的社会地位越低,紧张对其健康造成的危害也就越大。

  5.C. 文章最后两段提到,受教育程度越低者所报告紧张天数越少的原因有可能是他们对紧张因素己司空见惯,视其为生活的一部分,而不是什么特别值得注意的。

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